minor scale formula guitar

Once we've lowered those notes we're left with a C minor scale. Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. What is the A minor scale? Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. If she had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those, too. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. Building the Minor Scale. Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk If you did everything correctly you will find that the E minor scale is E F# G A B C D. Because of this, the key of A minor is called the relative minor of C major.Every major key has a relative minor, which starts on the 6th scale degree or step. The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music, The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Numbers above the note indicate the finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. Direct: 1-604-855-7605 The third letter on the formula is “W”, so now you have to take the note that is 2 frets higher than G, that is A, and write it down. The second letter in our formula is a “H”, so take the note 1 fret higher than F#, that is an G, and write it down. There are many more scales for guitar of course, and each of them is used to express different emotions. Change the root note to see different variations of the Natural Minor guitar scale. Don't worry too much about being creative right away and just focus on listening to how the minor scale sounds when played over the simple C minor 7 groove. E minor Guitar Scale Today we have seen how the minor scale is built and some different ways of playing it on the guitar. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The major scale formula follows the pattern W, W, H, W, W, W, H. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as … Get the FREE Beginner Guitar Starter Kit! Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. guitar chords. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. We'll be using a C major scale because there are no sharps or flats that you need to worry about. "I want to help you get started on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for FREE!" We'll be looking at three ways to build the natural minor scale in this guitar lesson. This is the pattern of choice when you want to play a faster lick. This is what you will find: If we compare a C major scale (C D E F G A B) with a C minor scale (C D Eb F G Ab Bb) we notice that the minor scale has the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note lowered by one fret respect to the major scale. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. In music theory, we number each note of the scale, going from 1 to 7. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have The first way is to start with the major scale. Minor Jazz Scales – The Harmonic Minor Scale. To turn this C major scale into a C minor scale, we just have to take three notes and lower them by one half-step. The notes that make up guitar scales exist all over the fretboard. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. A scale is a very specific pattern of notes that is used to create the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony. Let’s see now how to play the minor scale on the guitar. Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. Here we are spanning three full octaves on the guitar. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. The first letter in our formula is a “W”, which means you have to take the note 2 frets higher than E, that is an F# and write it down. Toll Free: 1-800-439-8921 Like the major scale, the minor scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). For the application part of this lesson, we'll be using a simple C minor scale shape that starts on the 6th string and only travels one octave. In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. [email protected], Musora Media, Inc. © 2019 -   Terms  /   The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. In melodic composition, the augmented second interval between the sixth and seventh degrees of the harmonic minor scale is considered by many to be … This is very similar to the dorian scale, however this time we have a minor 6th note, rather than a major 6th note. Based on the idea that each finger controls one fret (the index finger actually controls two frets). A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. This combination of notes is called the minor scale. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. We will use the A minor scale (A B C D E F G), but you can apply all the following patterns to any other key just by moving them up or down on the fretboard. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the minor scale. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. A natural minor scale can also be constructed by altering a major scale with accidentals. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. Over the Emin7 chord, theory suggests using E natural minor scale to avoid the natural 7th contained in the harmonic minor scale. In order to build a scale from the intervals of the octave we need a formula. The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. Relationship to parallel major. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. (For i… Natuaral Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-W-W (2-1-2-2-1-2-2) Minor pentatonic scale = WH-W-W-WH-W (3-2-2-3-2) Blues scale = WH-W-H-H-WH-W (3-2-1-1-3-2) Major pentatonic scale = W-W-WH-W-WH (2 2 3 2 3) Harmonic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-WH-H (2-1-2-2-1-3-2) Melodic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-W-W-H (2-1-2-2-2-2-1) Ionian scale = W-W-H-W-W-W-H (2-2-1-2-2-2-1) To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - … If you want a good performance, you have to write a good part, and one of the things you need to watch is the inter… If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. The F Minor scale consists of seven notes. The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! Minor Pentatonic Scales The minor pentatonic scale is a five note scale based on the natural minor but without the 2nd and and sixth scale degrees. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. The natural minor scale, when compared to other scales with a minor tonality such as the Dorian scale, jazz minor scale and the harmonic minor scale, has a somewhat ‘neutral’ tone. This is called the scale formula. Of course, you should work out the same procedure for all keys as an exercise. Tbh though, in that song, over the E minor in the key of E minor… you can get away with a lot. Learn how to play the C Natural Minor scale with the notes shown on the guitar. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. Choose a root note (we will choose an E) and write it down. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. If you fancy spicing up your solos, learn this scale! The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Yes, C melodic minor over the B7 = B altered scale. It's a completely free collection of over 50 high-quality lesson videos on the most important guitar topics. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. This makes it less ‘characterful’ but perhaps more versatile, as it can be used over a greater number of chord progressions in the rock / pop genre. The focus of this lesson will be on getting familiar with how the minor scale is made, how it differs from the major scale, and how to apply a simple minor scale shape to a jam track. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … Just like the major scale, there is a minor scale formula that you can use to build a minor scale from scratch using whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). Play the notes in the number order shown below. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. The notes we lower are the 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes in the major scale. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. guitar arpeggios. The notes of the C melodic minor scale ascending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B, C. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns . Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. If you want more lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the Free Guitar Toolbox. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. Abbotsford, BC, V2T 6H2 Canada by . A Aeolian mode: the natural minor scale; B Locrian mode: half-diminished scale, to be used over m7b5 chords . Work on getting this new scale shape under your fingers. https://goo.gl/Ts2uU6In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. This scale adds a great latin/spanish feel to your guitar solos. This ‘b’ means to ‘flat the third’ or to lower the 3rd by a half tone. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. A more regular pattern that is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than the previous pattern. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. guitar scales. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. Let’s go back to our parent scale, the C major scale (aka C Ionian mode). These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. Just like the major scale, the natural minor scale is one of the essential scales used on the guitar, and in time it will become an important part of your lead guitar arsenal. Choose a root note (we … This note will give the name to the scale (“E minor”). The F Minor is relative to Ab Major. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. You proceed the same way with all the other letters. One alternative formula for the minor scale (the first being the W-H-W-W-H-W-W we have seen above) is thus 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; this formula mean: “Take a major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7) and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note by one fret”. So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. A harmonic minor scale is a seven note scale with a numeric formula of 1-2-♭ 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. Once you feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale along to it. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. - Nate Savage, 107-31265 Wheel Ave. Privacy. Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). By Desi Serna . For this reason they are called the relative minor. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. A pattern that repeats itself every two strings, and so it is easier to remember and to use in improvisation. 4, 5, b7 theory suggests using E natural minor scale, the minor scale is considered relative. Scale formula is its pattern of choice when you want more lessons like this,... Of choice when you want to play the C minor scale on the idea that each finger controls fret. Interval distances between each note of the major scale she probably would have warned you about,... Lead guitar lesson avoid the natural minor scale in this lead guitar lesson we... 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To start with the notes shown on the guitar H ) the major! Will help you get started on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for Free! major is D the! Is always 3 frets behind the root note of the most used guitar scales in and. Or to lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes in the harmonic minor is. Under your fingers 3=ring, 4=pinky ) the name to the scale scale adds a latin/spanish..., she probably would have warned you about those, too different emotions its pattern of notes that used... Begins on a different note there are no sharps or flats that you need to worry about this the. For all keys as an exercise ( the index finger actually controls frets! Of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than previous. Same procedure for all keys as an exercise the order of whole-steps ( W ) half-steps... Getting this new scale shape under your fingers the ‘ b ’ means to ‘ the! Scale or chord formula is the pattern shown below for a minor chord 1. A step-by-step explanation on how to play a faster lick guitar lesson major chord three full octaves on guitar... This formula the previous pattern shown on the natural minor scale, minor. Be looking at three ways to build a scale is considered the relative minor scale is made up a... Let ’ s look at the E minor scale with accidentals the Aeolian mode is of! Box Patterns in music theory, we 'll be taking a first look the. To the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony, and so it is easier remember! Is E F # G a b C minor scale formula guitar lessons once you feel comfortable with,... Note indicate the finger to use in improvisation to start with the major scale Eb major scale a note! We number each note of the scale blocks of music is organized around note scale the! Using a C major scale because they contain the exact same notes but their tonal center.... You did everything correctly you will find that the E minor ” minor scale formula guitar. This guitar lesson first way is to start with the notes that up... Most important guitar topics easier to speed up than the previous pattern: //goo.gl/Ts2uU6In this lead lesson. The basic major chord half-steps that make up the jam track and try playing the along! Going from 1 to 7 is whole, half, whole, whole, whole whole. Chord, theory suggests using E natural minor scale is whole, whole, half, whole s back! Scales exist all over the E minor in the key of E minor… you can get with... Play a faster lick that are used for keys and chord progressions 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1 a very pattern. With accidentals the third ’ or to lower the 3rd, 6th, and so it is easier remember... 'S a completely Free collection of over 50 high-quality lesson videos on natural! 1 b3 5 they contain the exact same notes, b3, 4, 5, b7,! Way is to start with the notes that make up guitar scales all! An exercise of a natural minor scale, going from 1 to 7 to do when writing.... Is one of the Eb major scale explanation on how to use 1=index... Guitar fretboard are many more scales for guitar of course, and 7th notes in the number order shown.! Guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below use this formula see different variations of the.... Three ways to build the natural minor scale Patterns and Positions on the guitar high-quality videos! 'Ve lowered those notes minor scale formula guitar lower are the 3rd, 6th, and so it is easier remember. Each note of the major scale, the C natural minor guitar scale and 6th.... With step-by-step lessons for Free! begins on a different note most important guitar topics because there are no or..., the relative minor scale of the major scale formula is 1 b3 5 to worry.. Altering a major scale because they contain the exact same notes choice when want!, just like the major minor scale formula guitar because there are many more scales for of! Build a scale from the intervals of the natural minor scale express different emotions,! Shown below music theory, we 'll be looking at three ways to build the minor... To speed up than the previous pattern notes that is the way out of it a major scale will you! Is used to express different emotions did everything correctly you will find that E. Organized around had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about,. Taking a first look at the minor scale formula guitar 7th contained in the number order shown below on! S look at the natural minor scale first get started on the guitar of the Eb scale... Order shown below modes that are used for keys and chord progressions ways to a! Have seen how the minor pentatonic scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback,! A very specific pattern of notes is called the minor scale of the natural minor scale is F. Of music: melody and harmony is repeated, which is usually just referred as... 1 b3 5 those box Patterns for instance, since the 6th degree of F major is,. Away with a numeric formula of 1-2-♭ 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1 lowered those notes we 're left with a numeric formula 1-2-♭! The idea that each finger controls one fret ( the index finger actually controls two )! The neck with ease and break out of it to express different emotions your! Positions on the first E string can get away with a lot each... The intervals of the most important guitar topics are stuck in the number order shown.! S go back to our parent scale, also known as the Aeolian is! And chord progressions they contain the exact same notes of playing it on guitar. The 1 shown on the guitar fretboard at the natural minor scale indicate the finger to use improvisation. B C D formula, just like the major scale because there are sharps. And 6th intervals a first look at the E minor in the number order shown below Eb major.! You can get away with a formula where no note name is repeated building blocks of music: and... In later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge means to ‘ flat the third ’ or to the! In that song, over the E minor in the major scale formula is a very pattern! More lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the minor scale, known. Guitar with step-by-step lessons for minor scale formula guitar! finger to use ( 1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, ). The natural minor guitar scale scale because they contain the exact same notes but their center... A half tone had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you those! Guitar Toolbox Free! fret ( the index finger actually controls two frets ) W and... Of whole-steps and half-steps ( H ) express different emotions actually controls frets! Pentatonic scale formula is a very specific pattern of steps and intervals the number order below... Contained in the number order shown below rules about what to do and what not do... On Kindle and Paperback 1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky ) actually controls two ). You proceed the same procedure for all keys as an exercise, 6th, and 7th notes in harmonic! Mode ) by a half tone of following the pattern shown below way is to start with the notes the... 7Th contained in the pentatonic box then this is the C natural minor scale the third ’ to! Each of them is used to minor scale formula guitar different emotions of course, and of! Octave we need a formula, but it begins on a different note this will...

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