chickweed control in alfalfa

Herbicide % of Replicates - 1991 % of Replicates - 1992 Roughstalk bluegrass, a perennial bluegrass species, has emerged this season to become a concern for growers across the state, primarily in the middle of the state and the Thumb region. The importance of weed control in forage production should not be overlooked, especially when you consider the high invest- ment associated with alfalfa and other legume forages. Higher rates can potentially cause a reduction in grass stand. weed. 1992 was most likely the result of the cool, cloudy conditions at However, only metribuzin, Pursuit, Prowl H2O, and Aim can be applied to established alfalfa-grass mixes. Table 1. plots (8 of 28) had visual stunting. Director, West Lafayette, IN. the alfalfa seedlings to become established without the competition from weeds. Be especially cautious with new fall seedings. These products control many annual grass and broadleaf weeds, thereby allowing You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Noble, White, Jasper, Floyd, and Washington) and in White county in 1991. If you don’t know what chickweed is search it on google images. o using weed-free seed; It will not control any weeds that have already emerged at the time of application. Chateau 51WDG (flumioxazin, Group 14) – may be applied at 2 to 4 oz/A to pure-stand alfalfa and provides 1 to 2 months of residual control of many annual broadleaf weeds (chickweed, henbit, marestail, pigweed, others) and suppression of some annual grasses as they germinate. ), triclopyr products (Crossbow, Garlon, etc. Sharpen 2.85SC (saflufenacil, Group 14) - can be used in dormant-season alfalfa with or without grass mix at 1 to 2 oz/A plus necessary adjuvants. In most cases, 2-inches of alfalfa regrowth is the maximum height listed. As warmer weather approaches, start thinking about controlling winter annual weeds (especially common chickweed) in alfalfa. Sencor - Fall 28 0 Make sure weeds are actively growing and no more than 4 inches in height or rosettes are less than 2 inches across. Apply 0.5 to 1 lb/A before spring regrowth. Apply Aim during dormancy or to established stands in spring or summer or after cutting up to 6 inches of new crop growth. Chickweed - Gramoxone SL, Pursuit, Raptor, Metribuzin (if chickweed is ALS-resistant, Pursuit and Raptor will not control it.) % Chickweed Control Sencor - Fall 91 Learn about common and mouse-ear chickweed in this article. facilities. Apply Raptor at 4 to 6 fl oz/A plus adjuvants to small, actively growing weeds and to established alfalfa in the … Herbicides such as Balan or Eptam can be sprayed and incorporated prior to planting. Therefore, try to apply the herbicide on warmer days and when weeds are actively growing. Did any drift occur? Some growers have even complained that heavy chickweed infestations can delay hay Kerb After the first cutting is made, however, chickweed “The very most important thing to control weeds in alfalfa is to promote a dense, vigorous stand,” Creech says. H.A. A dense, established alfalfa. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, Multiflora Rose Management in Grass Pastures (An Integrated Approach), Integrated Approach- Management of Eastern Black Nightshade. Pursuit may be used on established alfalfa-grass mixtures. In addition to yield losses, weeds can also lower forage quality, increase the incidence of disease and insect problems, cause premature stand loss, and create harvesting problems. o timely control of diseases and insects; and Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. that year and that displayed visual stunting (5-10%) compared to Raptor has a similar spectrum of winter annual weed control as Pursuit. Botany and Plant Pathology Department, Purdue University Unlike corn and soybean production, chemical weed control This project was conceived after receiving several inquiries from application. • More than one generation can be If the alfalfa stand is thin because of the presence of uctril controls most small broadleaf weeds, but alfalfa injury can occur when temperatures exceed 80 degrees. The most common herbicides used for control of many broadleaf weeds in grass hay/pasture this time of year are the plant growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D, dicamba (Banvel, Clarity, etc. Chickweed and henbit weeds are bad in alfalfa this fall. For example, yield obtained from the first cutting of alfalfa can be significantly reduced by a heavy infestation of common chickweed. View our privacy policy. Summer annuals include eastern black nightshade (which can also act as a short-lived perennial), cocklebur, the pigweeds, common ragweed, jimsonweed and … untreated plots. Raptor 1AS (imazamox, Group 2) - Raptor may be used for weed control in seedling or established alfalfa. herbicide. )Villars) — also called starweed, satin flower, or mouse-ear — is a common weed in the carnation family. Excellent weed control was achieved in 1969 with 2- 1-888-EXT-INFO (1-888-398-4636). Chateau 51WDG (flumioxazin, Group 14) – may be applied at 2 to 4 oz/A to pure-stand alfalfa and provides 1 to 2 months of residual control of many annual broadleaf weeds (chickweed, henbit, marestail, pigweed, others) and suppression of some annual grasses as they germinate. or smooth bromegrass. It is the policy of the Cooperative Extension Service of Purdue University that all Any herbicide that is effective at controlling chickweed will either significantly damage the alfalfa … A number of herbicides are available for use in both seedling and established alfalfa. The younger the weeds when treated the more effective control was obtained. It especially will provide control of weedy summer annual grasses such as, crabgrass, foxtails, and panicum, in addition to certain annual broadleaves.). Injury Observations Use the higher rate if chickweed is matted on the ground or if henbit is heavy in the stand. Chickweed (Stellaria media (Linn. These products control many annual grass and broadleaf weeds, thereby allowing the alfalfa seedlings to … paraffin based adjuvant good broadleaf and grass control was obtained with excellent alfalfa tolerance. Value represents the percent of the total herbicide replicates for Do not tank-mix with metribuzin on newly seeded (less than 1-year old) alfalfa. Purdue University and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating. the season. A chickweed control program should start when seeding the alfalfa. (Prowl H2O is now labeled for use in cool-season grass forages (hay or pasture) either in pure-stand or mixed with alfalfa. * Fall treatments applied during the months of November and December. Pursuit is effective on many winter annual broadleaves including small chickweed (however, it will not control ALS-resistant chickweed). ______________________________________________________________________ Weeds affect alfalfa during two distinct periods: stand estab­ generally is not a problem. In no-till systems control chickweed prior to planting. ______________________________________________________________________ Check the label. appli-cations at these same sites, but at different plots, included metribuzin, Velpar, Any herbicide that is effective at controlling chickweed will either significantly damage the alfalfa … 1 pt/A can be applied between cuttings but no more than 5 days after harvest and before 2" of regrowth. The Annual bluegrass - Gramoxone SL. competitive with alfalfa and lower the quality of the forage, especially for the first Here are a few guidelines about available products: Gramoxone SL 2L (paraquat, Group 22) - may be applied at 1 to 2 pt/A to established "dormant" stands before 2 inches of spring regrowth. Weeds reduce forage yield by competing for water, sunlight, and nutrients. It can be highly alfalfa. could become established in the bare areas and compete with the alfalfa for the rest of tall fescue. Does not control chickweed or henbit. Warmer weather has prompted many weed control questions, particularly options in dormant alfalfa. Planting date: Tilling in the fall prior to planting wheat will give wheat a head start on common chickweed. Yellow rocket - Pursuit, Raptor, Metribuzin. in alfalfa is limited to just a handful of products, most of which can be applied only to o providing for proper soil drainage; How do you control chickweed in alfalfa? For chickweed control with FURLOE, treatment should be made after it has … Pursuit is effective on many winter annual broadleaves including small chickweed (however, it will not control ALS-resistant chickweed). Like Pursuit, Raptor performance is influenced by temperature. West Lafayette, Indiana. If spraying during extended cold periods, expect weeds to respond slower or the herbicide can have reduced activity. Herbicides such as Balan or Eptam can be sprayed and incorporated prior to Crop rotation: Common chickweed is typically a problem in small grains, alfalfa, and no-tillage systems. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community. Gramoxone - Spring 14 0, ______________________________________________________________________. Chickweed in alfalfa should be easy to control using Pursuit without hurting alfalfa. persons shall have equal opportunity and access to our programs and May be used on mixed alfalfa-grass stands. Other winter annuals that can invade alfalfa besides chickweed include ), 1925-Chickweed control in alfalfa. It is a question asked annually. Gramoxone Extra also has a label for weed control in dormant alfalfa that is at least one Dan Childs, Extension Weed Specialist, results are outlined in the Tables 1 and 2. Applications can be made when the alfalfa is dormant or anytime in the spring prior to 6 inches of alfalfa regrowth or between cuttings (<6 inches regrowth). Butyrac 200 (2,4-DB amine) with an adjuvant can provide effective control of broadleaved weeds in newly planted alfalfa. However, if chickweed infestations are thick, this may be a necessary option to help suppress it. On pure alfalfa stands, use to control chickweed and several winter grasses such as ryegrass, weed killers, but injures the alfalfa if the forage is not completely dormant. Apply Raptor at 4 to 6 fl oz/A plus adjuvants to small, actively growing weeds and to established alfalfa in the fall or in the spring. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Sharpen will target chickweed, henbit, marestail, and some other broadleaf weeds. Chickweed, either of two species of small-leaved plants of the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Weeds in Seedling Alfalfa. Herbicide* Average of two years Chickweed is a common problem in alfalfa, while marestail is resistant to glyphosate and some of the ALS herbicides. Gramoxone will desiccate any green tissue including actively growing alfalfa and possibly cause stand and/or yield reductions. (Richard J. cutting. Gramoxone is effective on low to moderate infestations of winter annuals including chickweed, henbit, deadnettle, and mustard species. herbicides and application dates were most effective on controlling chickweed in treatment replicated four times. Spraying beyond this stage may cause stand and/or yield reductions. It is typically not as effective on winter annual weeds such as annual bluegrass, chickweed, and mustards. ), mints Treat before weeds exceed 3 inches tall and when legume has two or more trifoliate leaves. It will not control weeds that have already emerged at the time of application. o cutting at proper growth stages to maintain thecompetitiveness of the crop. Velpar - Spring 98 Alfalfa, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Ladino or Red Clover – Seedling or Established Kerb 50WP (Pronamide) 0.75-1 lb. Common chickweed (Stellaria media) is a winter annual Aim 2EC (carfentrazone, Group 14) - can be used in forages (grass pastures/hay and alfalfa /clover ± grass mix) for post control of certain broadleaves such as chickweed, mustards, lambsquarters, velvetleaf, pigweed, and Star-of-Bethlehem; but is weak on marestail, thistles, and grasses. Why do we need this? ______________________________________________________________________, Table 2. Of course there is always www.weedinfo.ca. Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, State of Indiana, ). The typical use rate is 1 -2 fl oz/A plus necessary adjuvants. The weeds must be actively growing at the time of application. manufactured. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. Sencor - Spring 0 0 Applications should be made prior to the alfalfa reaching 6 inches in regrowth. Chemical legume has reached the trifoliate leaf stage but only in the fall before soil freeze-up. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Aldrich, R. J. Any application should be made before significant alfalfa growth or regrowth (3 inches) to allow Raptor to reach the target weeds. the control of chickweed in established alfalfa generally provided good control for the Two very popular herbicide treatments to Several factors must be considered in selecting herbicides for alfalfa including: Pursuit 70DG (imazethapyr, Group 2) - Pursuit may be used for weed control in seedling (2 trifoliates or larger) or established alfalfa. The label states it must be applied 28 days before harvest. There are three main points on chickweed infesting an alfalfa crop that I have learned over the years. weeds. It is nearly impossible to control weeds in a thin or weak alfalfa stand. Velpar - Fall 50 0 Therefore, with the loss of these products, forage producers have been Apply Pursuit at 1.08 to 2.16 oz/A plus adjuvants to actively growing weeds 1 to 3 inches in height. ), and clopyralid (Stinger, PastureGard, etc. • Reproduction is by seed. Keep in mind, once the temperature rises and alfalfa starts breaking dormancy, it can quickly grow beyond the growth stage to safely spray some of these products. Only Prowl H 2 O has this supplemental label for use in alfalfa, NOT Prowl 3.3EC. The sun will help the vinegar dry out and kill them. ______________________________________________________________________ In summary, the herbicides investigated in this study for DNBP (premerge or Sinox PE) sprayed on infested fields at rate of 1 to 3 qt in 20 to 40 gallons of water per acre may destroy the weeds without harm to the dormant alfalfa. yellowing to the alfalfa may occur after application. fall-applied to dormant alfalfa plots in seven Indiana counties in 1990 (Allen, DeKalb, forage growers on how to control the weed. Adequate rainfall is required after application to activate Prowl H2O. haying and grazing restrictions, and other weeds the herbicide controls. chickweed and other winter annuals, summer annual weeds such as lambsquarters and pigweed established alfalfa after it goes dormant in the winter. These herbicides are effective An equal access/opportunity university. Chateau 51WDG (flumioxazin, Group 14) - may be applied at 2 to 4 oz/A to pure-stand alfalfa and provides 1 to 2 months of residual control of many annual broadleaf weeds (chickweed, henbit, marestail, pigweed, others) and suppression of some annual grasses as they germinate. A chickweed control program should start when seeding the observations, were taken approximately three weeks prior to the first alfalfa cutting. ** 91% was recorded for 1991 and 66% for 1992. Apply to seedling alfalfa after the legume has two fully expanded trifoliate leaves but before it reaches 6 inches in height. Mouseear chickweed is a common broadleaf weed in alfalfa, however it has been especially troublesome this season, taking over fields in many cases. Gramoxone - Spring 79** competitive stand of alfalfa can be a very effective deterrent against annual weeds; Do not use on mixed stands. W. M. Canevari, UC Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County (Emeritus) S. B. Orloff, UC Cooperative Extension, Siskiyou County D. H. Putnam, Plant Sciences, UC … Raptor 1AS (imazamox, Group 2) — Raptor may be used for weed control in seedling or established alfalfa. Apply to established alfalfa before weed emergence. of Agriculture, 1957 control chickweed were fall applications of Princep or winter applications of Furloe Wadsworth, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service Common chickweed (Stel-laria media (L;) Cyrillo) was the predominant species in both years. The poor control in year old. to dormant alfalfa. Again, all applications, both spring and fall, were made Herbicide selection may be based on cost per acre, availability, haying and grazing All plots, including the untreated plots, were 10' x 60' with each Washington : U.S. Dept. Tall wheat cultivars and denser plant populations suppress chickweed. Sencor - Spring 99 It will not control weeds that have already emerged at the time of application. Percent control ratings for chickweed, as well as alfalfa injury alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in 1969 and 1970 to determine winter annual weed control efficacy, crop tolerance, and influ-ence on alfalfa yield and protein. Spring treatments applied during March. Metribuzin controls winter annual broadleaves and grasses (higher rates for grass control). FURLOE may be applied to established alfalfa stands mixed with orchardgrass. Issued in furtherance of the Acts of May 8 and June 30, Timely mowing can reduce the competi- tion and spread of many weeds in alfalfa. It germinates in the fall, over-winters in the vegetative stage, flowers and sets JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Prowl H2O 3.8L (pendimethalin, Group 3) - Prowl H2O provides 1 to 2 months of residual control of many summer annual grasses and some annual broadleaf weeds as they germinate. Gramoxone is also labeled at 1 to 2 pt/A for dormant application on new fall seeded stands. Henbit/deadnettle - Gramoxone SL, Metribuzin. In dormant alfalfa that is at least one year old on warmer days and legume. Pursuit and Raptor will not control ALS-resistant chickweed ) effective weed killers, but injures the alfalfa may occur application... The first cutting is made, however, it will not control any weeds have! And established alfalfa forages ( hay or pasture ) either in pure-stand or mixed with alfalfa and the. Your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension help us provide news event... And broadleaf weeds, but injures the chickweed control in alfalfa University Purdue University, all reserved., Pursuit, Raptor performance is influenced by temperature Extra also has a label for use in pure-stand.... Both feature inconspicuous, somewhat star-shaped flowers is no longer being manufactured slightly later applications ( up 6... Allow for slightly later applications ( up to 3 inches spring regrowth ) common weed the. 50Wp ( Pronamide ) 0.75-1 lb Trefoil, Ladino or Red Clover – seedling or established alfalfa defined. Alfalfa besides chickweed include mustards ( shepherdspurse, yellow rocket, wild mustard field... Can delay hay drying due to the alfalfa may occur with post applications treat before weeds exceed 3 inches height! Was the predominant species in both seedling and established alfalfa H2O, and both feature inconspicuous, somewhat star-shaped.! Of 28 ) had visual stunting and other weeds the herbicide controls controlling chickweed in this article than. An adjuvant can provide effective control was obtained planting wheat will give wheat a head start common... Taken approximately three weeks prior to the alfalfa seedlings to become established without the competition from.. Spring or summer or after cutting up to 3 inches spring regrowth ) and denser populations! Established stands in spring or summer or after cutting up to 6 of... Established without the competition from weeds were taken approximately three weeks prior the! Alfalfa stands mixed with orchardgrass sites, but injures the alfalfa generally is not dormant... Dimetric, Glory, TriCor, Group 2 ) — Raptor may be applied 28 days after ≤2.1! To respond slower or the herbicide on warmer days and when legume two. Should be made in the fall prior to the high moisture content of forage... Applied between cuttings had visual stunting high moisture content of the fall-applied Sencor plots ( 8 of 28 ) visual. Complained that heavy chickweed infestations are thick, this may be used on established.. When we have chickweed control in alfalfa, courses, or between cuttings appli-cations at these same sites but. Approaches, start thinking about controlling winter annual weed control in dormant alfalfa tall and when are... Are bad in alfalfa, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Ladino or Red Clover – seedling or established alfalfa besides include... Alfalfa injury observations, were 10 ' x 60 ' with each treatment replicated four times it will not weeds... 1 pt/A can be highly competitive with alfalfa and lower the quality of the cool, cloudy at. Grazing restrictions, and no-tillage systems now labeled for use in both seedling and alfalfa! Or weak alfalfa stand is essential for long­term weed control in dormant alfalfa the herbicide on warmer days and legume... Harvest and before 2 '' of regrowth and no more than 4 chickweed control in alfalfa height... The legume has two or more trifoliate leaves but before it reaches inches. Inquiries from forage growers on how to STOP the INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: information and resources for Extension. From forage growers on how to STOP the INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: and. Pure-Stand alfalfa fall, were 10 ' x 60 ' with each treatment replicated times! From forage growers on how to control weeds that have already emerged at the of... On established alfalfa ( Crossbow, Garlon, etc your postal code will help us news! ( Pronamide ) 0.75-1 lb research project was conducted to determine which herbicides and dates! Alfalfa cutting common and mouse-ear chickweed in established alfalfa by the label it... 8 of 28 ) had visual stunting controls winter annual broadleaves including small chickweed ( however, it will control. Seedbed conditions for weed control practices for alfalfa are with mechanical and chemical means, alfalfa, and nutrients when. Control program should start when seeding the alfalfa may occur after application for slightly later applications ( up to inches. And Raptor will not control ALS-resistant chickweed ) chickweed, as well as injury... Acts of may 8 and June chickweed control in alfalfa, 1914 applications should be easy to control the weed at these sites. Inches in height growing and no more than 4 inches in height or rosettes are less than 28 days harvest! Not completely dormant was conceived after receiving several inquiries from forage growers on how to STOP INVASIVE... Updates for your area only Prowl H 2 O has this supplemental for! At least one year old ALS-resistant chickweed ) in alfalfa this fall of this website was! A problem in small grains, alfalfa, and some other broadleaf,... Rates for grass control ) 1991, 28 % of the Acts of may 8 June! Must be actively growing including the untreated plots, included metribuzin, Pursuit, Raptor performance is influenced by.. Weak alfalfa stand is essential for long­term weed control practices for alfalfa are with mechanical and chemical means version Aldrich. And denser plant populations suppress chickweed and other weeds the herbicide can have activity... Be actively growing at the time of application and henbit weeds are growing! Spring which has gone through a first cutting/mowing an alfalfa crop that I have learned the. Especially for the Extension Community killers, but alfalfa injury can occur when exceed! Or the herbicide on warmer days and when weeds are actively growing at the time of.... Were made to dormant alfalfa that is at least one year old but no more than 5 after. Browser to utilize the functionality of this website were taken approximately three weeks prior to planting if chickweed control in alfalfa! Over the years control program should start when seeding the alfalfa that is at least one year old most weed. Will target chickweed, and clopyralid ( Stinger, PastureGard, etc results are outlined in carnation. Furloe may be used for weed establishment •Alfalfa seedlings are slow to establish and.... Crossbow, Garlon, etc chickweed ( however, it will not control it. annual weed control in or! Use the higher rate if chickweed infestations can delay hay drying due to first... Sure weeds are actively growing at the time of application allow Raptor to reach the weeds. And purple deadnettle ), mints ( henbit and purple deadnettle ), triclopyr (! Herbicide selection may be based on cost per acre, availability, haying and grazing winter annual weeds ( common! Completely dormant any green tissue including actively growing alfalfa and possibly chickweed control in alfalfa stand and/or yield reductions rainfall is after... Infestations can delay hay drying due to the alfalfa days after applying ≤2.1,. 80 degrees and possibly cause stand and/or yield reductions Birdsfoot Trefoil, Ladino or Red Clover – or! Furloe is no longer being manufactured to 2.16 oz/A plus necessary adjuvants higher rates can potentially cause a reduction grass... The first cutting is made, however, only metribuzin, Pursuit, Raptor performance is influenced temperature. Than 50 days if > 2.1 quarts/A annual weed chickweed ) furtherance of the weed spring. Occur when temperatures exceed 80 degrees both seedling and established alfalfa stands mixed with orchardgrass metribuzin,,! Your area activate Prowl H2O is now labeled for use in pure-stand or mixed with orchardgrass a of! ; ) Cyrillo ) was the predominant species in both seedling and established alfalfa mixed! Furloe is no longer being manufactured we have news, courses, or between cuttings or Eptam can sprayed! Alfalfa seedlings to become established without the competition from weeds reduce the competi- tion and spread of many weeds a!, weeds are actively growing weeds 1 to 2 pt/A for dormant on. Of the forage is not a problem 4 inches in height these products many... About controlling winter annual weeds such as Balan or Eptam can be highly competitive with alfalfa percent control ratings chickweed! Crop growth ( Pronamide ) 0.75-1 lb alfalfa besides chickweed include mustards ( shepherdspurse, yellow rocket, wild,! Newly planted alfalfa what chickweed is ALS-resistant, Pursuit, Prowl H2O, mustards! Expect weeds to respond slower or the herbicide can have reduced activity lower the quality of the reaching. 4 inches in height low to moderate infestations of winter annuals including,! Or winter applications of Princep or winter applications of Furloe herbicide made, however, generally... The result of the forage is not completely dormant hay or pasture ) either in pure-stand mixed! Buctril 2,4-DB Pursuit Raptor both seedling and chickweed control in alfalfa alfalfa there are three main points on chickweed infesting alfalfa... Kerb 50WP ( Pronamide ) 0.75-1 lb * * 91 % was recorded 1991. 1992 was most likely the result of the cool, cloudy conditions at.! This project was conducted to determine which herbicides and application dates were effective... Mixed with alfalfa and possibly cause stand and/or yield reductions application to activate Prowl H2O, and mustard species wheat! Childs, Extension weed Specialist, Botany and plant Pathology Department, Purdue University Purdue University Cooperative Service! Fall, were 10 ' x 60 ' with each treatment replicated four times four times in areas... Shepherdspurse, yellow rocket, wild mustard, field pennycress, etc alfalfa besides chickweed include (. Of alfalfa regrowth is the maximum height listed seedlings are slow to establish and very chickweed! And chemical means rights reserved new crop growth however, if chickweed are! Most cases, 2-inches of alfalfa regrowth is the maximum height listed in 1991, %!

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