trees in alberta identify
Distribution Leaves A small slow-growing tree from 9 to 12 m high; crown has a ragged appearance with irregularly spaced branches; leaves mostly confined to the outer branches; bark smooth, thin, greyish on young trees becoming reddish and scaly on older trees; buds often hidden by long white hair. Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) nearly stalkless, 4 – 5 cm long, dark brown at maturity; cone scales are covered with whitish hairs and have 3-toothed bracts; seeds are small and winged. Therefore, in some provinces, the wood is of great importance to pulp and lumber industry. Deciduous trees have wide leaves (wider than a needle) and lose their leaves in the fall. To identify a tree, it works best if users place a leaf on a white background to photograph. Needle-like, stiff, sharp-pointed, in bundles of two, frequently twisted, 2 – 4 cm long, yellowish-green. Cones Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Other cultivars include \"Golden Curls\" and \"Scarlet Curls.\" The corkscrew willow is at least somewhat drought-tolerant after establishment, so it is easier to work t… Cones How to Identify Tree by Bark . The crown is symmetrical with a narrow pyramidal shape and branches extending nearly to the ground. How to Identify an Elm Tree. Try using a tree identification website. However, these publications are generally not suited for field use. This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta … One common focal point is an ornamental or flowering tree. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is … Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide. Wood and Uses Distribution Tree borers are a group of insects that lay their eggs on or inside of trees, where the young larvae eat their way through living tissues. Wood and Uses A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Wood is moderately heavy, hard, strong, straight-grained and pale brown in colour. Leaves The seeds are very small, numerous and hairy. Nutt. Wood and Uses The 16 Best Ornamental Trees for the Landscape . (Betula papyrifera) The bark is smooth, pale-grey with large resin blisters on young trees becoming roughened and reddish-brown on mature trees. Flowers Spruce Tree Identification. Common on sand hills and thin soil in central and northeastern Alberta. Helen Keating • 21 Sep 2020. Distribution Leaves Leaves Conifers are also known as softwoods. Balsam Firs or Abies balsamea only accounts for three percent of Alberta’s softwood. January 23, 2019. Summary; Detailed Information; Description. Alternate leaves on stems grow in a staggered pattern and they look like each leaf … You might be thinking, “wait a second, I thought Pevach clears trees, not plants them.” At Pevach, we clear, cut, slash, and trim trees for a wide range of business and residential needs across Alberta and Saskatchewan. Distribution Wood is used for pulp. Leaves Inconspicuous, small in dense catkins, pistillate and staminate flowers on different trees, formed before leaves develop in spring. Distribution Check boxes for all that apply. Wood and Uses Pollen cones (male) borne in small terminal clusters; seed cones (female) stout, tough, oval-shaped-pointed, woody, resinous permanently closed. It was designed to gather and record information about unique trees; to help identify and locate them and to protect them as much as possible. Cones. Distribution It has a thin bark, which is yellowish-brown and somewhat scaly. Needle-like, short, thick, 4 sided, 1 – 2 cm long, blue green. Pollen cones (male) dark purple, 1.2 – 1.6 cm long; seed cones (female) brown to yellowish-brown at maturity, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long; cone scales broadest near the middle, irregularly toothed on outer edge with prominent bracts; seeds small with wedge-shaped wings. Seed cones (female) borne in pairs, closed and sealed (serotinous) usually curved and pointing towards the end of the branches, smooth and exceedingly hard, often remaining unopened on the tree for several years, yellowish-grey when mature, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened, without prickles; seeds winged. Flowers Birch, River. Spruce … Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. A mountain species found scattered along the timber line of the Rocky Mountains. Common tree in north-eastern Alberta which has adapted to a variety of soils and climates. Birch logs also make excellent fire wood. To identify a tree by its bark, the first step is to look at its various parts and on the basis of these, find it out in a tree. broadleaf trees shed their leaves in autumn. Wood and Uses Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). A large tree reaching up to 45 m; rough scaly bark, brownish to silvery grey. It is used for furniture, cabinets, woodenware and veneer. Pollen cones (male) bright red; seed cones (female) drooping, reddish brown, 5 – 9 cm long, the 3-forked bracts projecting beyond the broad-rounded, stiff scales; seeds broadly winged. With its characteristic “club top”, black spruce is a small, slow growing tree, 9 – 15 m high, with the lower branches often draped with “old-man’s beard” lichen. Wood and Uses Needle-like, somewhat flattened, 2 – 3 cm long, tapering at the base to a very short stalk, bright blue green above, pale beneath. North American larches are typically found in northern deciduous forests in the U.S. and Canada. That’s right, fast growing trees. guide. How to Recognize the Trees in Your Yard By: albertaarb - November 18, 2015. Learn … The most common and abundant tree in the Rocky Mountains and foothill regions. The term comes from the Greek angion (vessel) and sperma (seed).To give an example, the seeds of an apple tree are carried in the fruit. May reach 25 m on sheltered sites, but on windswept slopes, often flattened and shrubby, seldom exceeding 10 m. The trunk is massive and distorted with either smooth or scaly whitish bark; branches usually deformed, bunched in the crown or flat, close to the ground. The corkscrew willow is also used as an accent in floral arrangements and as bonsai. Wood and Uses Lumber is generally knotty and considerably less desirable than lodgepole pine, used primarily for boxes, crates and rough construction. Alternate, simple, broadly oval, sharp-pointed, fine-rounded teeth, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, borne on long, slender stalks, dark green above, pale below; leaf-stems flattened causing fluttering in wind. Distribution Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. The cones ripen in September and release their seeds. Alternate Leaves. long, reddish when young, becoming brown and almost spherical when mature; seeds small and winged. Use the notes you wrote and pictures you took of your leaf to utilize any of these popular tree ID sites: It is suitable for pulp and for making boxes and crates. It is used mainly for lumber for building construction and pulp; also suitable for making boxes and crates. Cones Balsam poplar is also used in windbreak plantings. Wood is moderately hard and heavy, somewhat oily, decay resistant and yellowish brown to reddish brown in colour. These miscreants can be either beetles or clearwing moths, but the end result is the same. A characteristic alpine tree on high mountain slopes where it is usually much stunted and frequently deformed by strong winds. Wood is moderately light, soft to moderately hard and white to yellowish brown in colour. Steve Nix, About.com. Distribution Cones It is used mainly for pulp products such as books, newsprint, and fine printing paper. On better sites it can form a component of virtually any type of stand. Navigate with above index or scroll bar. Western Red Cedar. Distribution Developed before the leaves expand in the spring. Leaves It is mainly used for pulp. Other uses may include railway ties, boxes and crates. Wood is heavy, hard and reddish brown in colour. Usually 15 – 21 m in height. A large tree up to 25 m high with a massive trunk and somewhat drooping branches; bark on young trees smooth and reddish brown becoming 10 – 15 cm thick and deeply fissured on old trees. Bark can be furrowed (cottonwood), scaly (sycamore), peeling (hickory), smooth (beech), shiny (cherry), papery (birch) or warty (hackberry). Both types of these trees produce sweet or sour edible berry-like fruits. Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) is an eastern North American pine.Its native range in Canada is east of the Rocky Mountains from the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories to Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, and the north-central and northeast of the United States from Minnesota to Maine, with the southernmost part of the range just into northwest Indiana and northwest Pennsylvania. Alternate, simple, in slender stalks, oval and tapering to a point, irregularly toothed, 2.5 – 19 cm long, dark green above, paler and slightly hairy beneath. In Alberta, it is the main species used for lumber, plywood and pulp. Tree identification sites help users identify tree by entering its characteristics and comparing the results to the thousands of tree species in their database. Wood and Uses Over time, they may girdle trees or weaken branches to the point that they break under pressure. If you’re into wilderness survival, this would be a great skill for you, as it would help you to know the kind of trees whose wood you can use to make a fire or tools, or a shelter. Their leaves are flat and needle-like and grow between 15 and 30 mm in length. On well-drained mineral soils however, it can attain heights of 25 – 30 m. Typically, bark is thin, scaly and greyish with the inner bark, usually olive green. Wood is light, soft, low in strength, greyish white to light greyish brown in colour. Leaves There are several references on plant identification available to Albertans. Pollen cones (male) small, yellowish-red; seed cones (female) erect, dark purple, 5 – 10 cm long, scales slightly elongated with short pointed bracts, becoming soft when mature. Leaves Primarily used for lumber for building construction. Pollen cones (male) small in close clusters at the ends of young branches. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta, usually in muskeg and boggy areas. Dwarf Alberta Spruce is commonly known as Black Hills Spruce and is another excellent dwarf evergreen tree. Identify a broadleaf tree Broadleaf trees are collectively referred to as hardwoods and botanists classify them as angiosperms. Wood is moderately heavy, soft and nearly white in colour. Therefore, you will expect no two bark patterns are exactly alike. Tree City USA Bulletin: What Tree is That—and Why? Pollen cones (male) small, bluish; seed cones (female) 6 – 10 cm long, dark purple, born at the top of the tree; cone scales fan shaped, slightly longer than broad with short spoon-shaped bracts. Leaves In areas adjacent to jack pine, the two species integrate. It can be distinguished from lodgepole pine mainly by difference in form and shape of the needles and cone characteristics. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta in wetter areas, usually in pure stands on muskeg, but also mixed with lodgepole pine or white spruce in well-drained mineral soils bordering muskeg sites. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Black spruce is one of the most harvested trees in Canada, however, it is generally not harvested in Alberta. They have many benefits, and all parts of the tree have edible and medicinal uses, including the needles, bark, and resin. Ideal for providing shade in backyard and along neighborhood streets, the elm tree is one of the most common trees. This species is closely related to the weeping willow, and some botanists consider it to be the same tree. Douglas-fir trees are popular as Christmas trees, and are also a popular tree for foraging. Douglas-fir also makes good Christmas trees. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. Central and northern Alberta, where it sometimes forms a scattered understorey in old growth stands. Wood and Uses Distribution lasiocarpa(Hook.) Lumber is used mainly in general construction; other uses include furniture, siding, flooring and panels. Ranging in height from a small scrubby tree up to about 25 m depending upon growing conditions; bark thin, reddish grey on young trees becoming darker grey, rough and scaly on old trunks. Often mixed with Engelmann spruce, lodgepole pine and alpine larch. ), a mountain species, is similar in appear- ance to Balsam Fir. Leaves In the mid 1980’s the Alberta Forestry Association adopted the Alberta Trees of Renown as a project. Grows slowly and may be only 15 – 18 m in height. have four sided needles that attach to a small peg on the branch. Wood and Uses Leaves It can be used for pulp and lumber. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. There are 2 types of cherry tree: sweet cherry and sour cherry. Pollen cones (male) small, dark red; seed cones (female) semi-closed, purplish-green, 1 – 4 cm long at maturity, brown to purplish green and almost spherical, remaining on the tree for several years, scales stiff and rounded; seeds small, winged. Identifying the type of the red berry tree is usually done by examining the leaves of the tree, its flowers, and the type of the trunk. Distribution The wood is moderately light, soft, relatively strong, resilient, straight grained and nearly white colour. Helen Keating • 31 Aug 2017. What you will discover is the bark of trees has a unique pattern—kind of life a fingerprint. Spruce and fir have their needles attached individually to the branches. This species and several varieties are widespread and common along river banks and moist wooded areas through the central and northern part of the province. 55 p. Year: 1986 Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre Catalog ID: 24747 Language: English CFS Availability: PDF (download) Mark record Aspen is especially good for panel products such as oriented strandboard and waferboard. This variety is favored due to its twisting branches that can add winter interest. Tree Identification Field Guide. A small deformed, scrubby mountain tree, with short twisted limbs, usually 5 – 10 m in height. Lumber is light in weight and is used for furniture, boxes and crates, core stock in plywood, and wall panels. Available Tree Species. If the tree is a conifer, see the conifer identification key. Pollen cones (male) small produced in terminal clusters; seed cones large, cylindrical 7.5 – 20.0 cm long, yellowish-brown, with scales greatly thickened at the tip; seeds nut-like, practically wingless. The western red cedar claimed the title of British Columbia’s provincial tree on … Cones. Then click on any search button. Those of you lucky enough to live in Alberta are at the core of Canada’s logging and wood production, surrounded on all sides by breathtaking trees. Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) usually at the ends of young twigs, drooping and turning brown at maturity, 4 – 5 cm long; scales thin, somewhat rounded with smooth margins; seeds with thin wings. It is used for lumber for rough construction, fence posts, poles, railway ties and pulpwood. Cones Needle-like, 12 – 20 in feather-like clusters, soft and slender, 2 – 4 cm long, light green turning bright yellow in the autumn when they fall from the tree. If the tree is deciduous, see the deciduous tree identification key. Leaves 6 to 20 m in height, with whitish or silvery grey bark in thin sheets; winter buds chestnut brown, bud scales slightly downy, no distinct terminal bud. Cones Wood and Uses Distribution Alternate, simple, oval or heart-shaped, sharp-pointed, rounded teeth, 7.5 – 15.0 cm long, shiny dark green above and pale green beneath. Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. Leaves Trees with single needles are typically spruces, firs, cypress, or hemlocks. Needle-like, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, curved upwards on the branch, greyish-green to bluish-green, rounded or notched at the tip. Insect Identification -- An entertaining and authoritative guide to the insects you're most likely to find in your garden or around your home. The City of Edmonton no longer plants spruce or pine on residential boulevards for this reason. The PlantSnap creators claim that at this time, their app can identify over 625,000 plants, trees & mushrooms, which I think is pretty impressive. In case you were wondering how to identify your trees when all the leaves are gone, you can always look at the tree’s bark. Wood and Uses Cones Maximum height 20m American basswood (Linden) – Tilia americana. Widespread throughout south-central and northern Alberta, succeeding Aspen poplar and pine in burned over areas. Wood is light, soft, relatively low in strength, somewhat brittle, and white in colour. Leaves Higher altitudes in high valleys and on slopes of Rocky Mountains in southwestern Alberta. Large tree, sometimes reaching up to 35 m; crown is narrow, symmetrical, lower branches usually drooping; bark thin, scaly, reddish-brown. Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. These focal point trees are typically smaller than standard shade trees and boasting annual flowers or colorful leaves that draw the eye and brighten the landscape. You should stay clear of red berries from trees such as holly trees and mistletoe trees. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. Preferring wetter areas, these trees can grow up to 25 m high with stout spreading branches; bark is greenish grey at the top becoming more grey and deeply furrowed at the base; winter buds are large and curved with a sticky balsam-smelling gum. The Dwarf Alberta Spruce is another diminutive member from a family of giants that typically reach heights of 140 feet. High altitudes, from west-central to southwestern Alberta. Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta. Wood and Uses This is a blog post about fast growing trees suitable for planting in Alberta and Saskatchewan. Needle-like, distinctly flattened, rounded at the tip, arranged in two ranks, 2 – 3 cm long, dark green above, whitish beneath. Occurring on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains where it frequently forms dense even-aged stands as the result of fire. Needle-like, thick, stiff, sharp-pointed, slightly curved, in bundles of 5, tightly clustered at the ends of twigs, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, dark green. Needle-like, 4 sided, soft and flexible, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, bluish green, clusters of 30 – 40 on dwarf twigs, turning yellow in the autumn before falling from the tree. How to Identify Trees By Bark Texture There are many variations in texture between different tree species, as well. A timberline species on the slopes of the Rocky Mountains in southeastern Alberta. Canada is known the world over for its vast, lush forests of trees. It is used for lumber and plywood as well as pulp. Distribution NOTES:Subalpine Fir (A. A characteristic alpine tree on high mountain slopes where it is usually much stunted and frequently deformed by strong winds. Fruit Leaves Inconspicuous, small, in staminate and pistillate catkins. After pressure treatment with preservatives, lodgepole pine makes excellent railway ties, utility poles and mine timbers. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and pale brownish in colour. Spruce trees (Picea spp.) Note: evergreens should not be planted close to walkways, streets, or buildings because of their broad base that will become an obstruction as the tree matures. Ornamental trees add an interesting focal point to any landscaping. Alberta tree and shrub identification guide. If uncertain, skip character or select several states. One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. What Tree Is That? This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta Wildlife Act. Fruit White Birch Cherry Trees. Sweet-cherry blossoms … Cones Wood and Uses Industrial Vegetation Management Association of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta. Common in forestland, abandoned farmland, burned-over areas, and river banks throughout Alberta. Needle-like, 4 sided, stiff, 2.0 – 2.5 cm long; bluish-green. Needle-like, in bundles of two, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, yellowish-green. Often mixed with firs, larches and pines. 1986. Pollen cones (male) quite small, yellow; seed cones (female) 1 – 2.5 cm . In fact, larches are the only needle leaved tree to shed needles in the fall. Inconspicuous, small in dense catkins, pistillate and staminate flowers on different trees. Bark on young trees contains blisters filled with resin (Canada balsam) which can be used in cementing lenses and mounting specimens for observation with a microscope. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Along the east slopes of the Rocky Mountains from Jasper Park to Waterton and widespread in the Porcupine Hills. On moist, well drained soils however, it can grow to heights of 25 m. The bark is rough and dark grey in colour and there are numerous small rounded reddish winter buds. Distribution Although it is suitable for both lumber and pulp, because of remote and inaccessible locations where it is generally found, alpine larch is of very little commercial importance, However, it is of importance in controlling run-off and erosion in high mountains. This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta Wildlife Act. Up to 30 m in height, bark at first smooth, greenish-white, becoming rough and dark grey with age, terminal bud is sharp and pointed, all buds dark brown. Needle-like, 4 sided, stiff, sharp-pointed, 2.5 – 3.0 cm long, bright green. These Canadian trees tend to grow between 14 and 20 meters. A tall, slender pine with little taper and a straight trunk; can grow to 30 m or more in height. Wood is light, soft, relatively low in strength and white in colour. Wood and Uses Large tree, up to 25 m high; narrow crown and dense with drooping branches; bark smooth, ash-grey with large, horizontal resin blisters on young trees, becoming greyish-brown and scaly in older trees. Wood and Uses Widespread throughout Alberta, it is especially important in the northern-central part of the province where it is the dominant species in the “Boreal Mixedwood” forest, being eventually succeeded by white spruce. Distribution A greenish capsule, containing many small hairy seeds. Pollen cones (male) borne in small terminal clusters; seed cones (female) conical-shaped woody and closed/sealed (serotinous), usually straight, pointed backwards towards the base of the branches, yellowish-brown often borne in clusters, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened and with a sharp spine at the tip of each scale; seeds winged. Black Caterpillar Identification -- Some caterpillars are black or dark-colored, and some light-colored species have a variety of darker forms that can make identification tricky. Red berry tree identification. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Needle-like in bundles of 5, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, stiff and somewhat curved, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, dark yellow-green. Tree borer insects cause affected parts of trees to slowly weaken as their chewing severs vital transport tissues. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. It is larger, 25 m high, and its leaves are greyish-green to pale blue-green. Identify common trees in your region or North America, Great for everyone from young students to professional arborists. Its many varieties are present all over the world. Proudly Serving Alberta for Over 15 Years. Balsam fir also makes a good Christmas tree. Cones Rarely found in pure stands, it typically occurs in mixture with black spruce. Whitish to cream coloured wood which is short fibred, and relatively low in strength. Moderately heavy, hard and strong wood with reddish brown colour. 6 to 20 m in height, with whitish or silvery grey bark in thin sheets; winter buds chestnut brown, bud scales slightly downy, no distinct terminal bud. Bark is silvery-grey on young trees becoming very rough and almost black at maturity. A dry, greenish-brown capsule, opening when mature. As holly trees and shrubs of Alberta ’ s softwood from a family of that... Scaly bark, brownish to silvery grey of red berries from trees as... 15 – 18 m in height in southeastern Alberta m or more in.. It typically Occurs in mixture with Black spruce is one of the Rocky Mountains percent! Species is closely related to the common native trees and shrubs of,! Alberta Wildlife Act pulp products such as oriented strandboard and waferboard in valleys. 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