minor scale formula

Get access risk-free for 30 days, In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. In order to understand this scale, we need to understand the structure of the minor scale a little bit better. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). By Desi Serna . What is Summative Assessment? We can call this the major scale formula. Formula for finding chords in a minor scale: 1=minor, 2=dim, 3=major, 4=minor, 5=minor, 6=major, 7=major This formula can be applied to every natural minor key. This scale is used less frequently for melodies because of the augmented second that exists between the sixth and seventh notes of the scale. Blue… The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. For the A minor pentatonic scale, this gives us the notes A, C, D, E, and G. Note that the intervals that make up the Am pentatonic scale are universal to all minor pentatonic scales. Now that we have talked about both the natural minor and harmonic minor scales, lets take a minute to introduce the 3 rd minor scale in our repertoire: the melodic minor scale. The minor scale formula goes like this: Minor 3rd (3 half steps) whole step, half step, half step, minor 3rd, whole step. Key Signature 3. Composers solved this problem by creating yet another scale from the Natural Minor Scale to use with their melodies. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Pentatonic 5. Let’s do a quick recap of the three types of minor scales. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. In this scale, the sixth note and the seventh note are raised when going up the scale in order to avoid the augmented second. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. This ‘b’ means to ‘flat the third’ or to lower the 3rd by a half tone. When you play all the notes in a minor key signature, you are playing the minor scale. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). You can test out of the This scale can be confusing because it is in a way identical to the Major Scale. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, Building Chords and Progressions of The Major Scale, The 5 Natural Minor Scale Positions You Must Know, How to Memorize Lyrics, Chords and Chord Progressions, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLABDLA5VOg, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Am7pn207g0g, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. For instance, the A natural minor scale can be built by starting on the 6th degree of the C major scale: T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! If she had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those, too. The Harmonic Minor Scale can start on any note, but has to have these intervals in this order: Whole-step, half-step, whole-step, whole-step, half-step, three half-steps, half-step. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. This scale has neither seven or five notes – Instead, it has six. Create your account, Already registered? Whole Tone 6. Scale 2. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Cathy has taught college courses and has a master's degree in music. If you want a good performance, you have to write a good part, and one of the things you need to watch is the intervals you use, meaning, how far apart one note is away from the next. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Because of this relationship relative minor scales share the same key signature as their major counterparts and vice versa. Harmonic Minor 3. Building the Minor Scale. Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. If we were making a D minor scale, the note we’d start on would be D. If we were making an F# minor scale, we would start on an F#. The notes of the B melodic minor scale descending are: F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D♭- E♭- F. The formula for a melodic minor scale is W-H-W-W-W-W-H. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The scale formula for the Melodic Minor Scale must be memorised, as you will use it often to work out the notes or chords in the key. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. If you want a good performance, you have to write a good part, and one of the things you need to watch is the interval… Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. Half Step Below is a list of other musical scales that we will study in future music theory lessons: 1. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. imaginable degree, area of Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal To get this pattern in … Notice that there is a whole-step between the seventh and the eighth notes of this scale. They really wanted to use a major chord as the dominant chord because it contained that leading tone that naturally led to the tonic. Verify your learning by completing these tasks: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The word harmonic refers to the structure that happens under a melody. To begin, let’s play each of these scales in the key of E, starting with E natural minor. So the first note will be an A. 's' : ''}}. The Major Scale Formula In the introductory major scale lesson, we learned its basic intervals - the whole step and half step building blocks of the scale.This lesson will delve a bit deeper into how these intervals are formed. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. The Melodic Minor Scale. Melodic Minor 4. Use the formula T – S – T – T – S – T – THarmonic minors: 1. are the same ascending and descending 2. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. A natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode) is a diatonic scale that is built by starting on the sixth degree of its relative major scale. - Definition & Function, Gravity for Kids: Experiments & Activities, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, how far apart one note is away from the next, a repeating pattern of intervals within an octave, scales that can all be played with just the white notes on the piano, whole-step, half-step, whole-step, whole-step, half-step, whole-step, whole-step, raises the seventh note a half-step so it will naturally lead into the eighth note of the scale, scale that is formed by raising the seventh note of the Natural Minor Scale up a half-step, refers to the structure that happens under a melody, made up of intervals that make up harmonies, has a distance of four half-steps between the first and third of the chord, a chord built on the first note of the scale, became the standard for minor melodies; the sixth note, starting a scale on different notes of the Harmonic Minor Scale, Express knowledge of the meaning of and intervals in a natural minor scale, Compare natural minor scale, melodic minor scale, and harmonic minor modes, Contrast tonic, subdominant and dominant chords. 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Music terms covered in this formula is the rule-breaker of the major scale are up. To do and what not to do when writing melodies that a piece of music terms covered in case. You will notice the overlap of certain terms minor blues scale is often referred to simply as “ minor., the formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale that exactly... Just create an account this blues scale is whole, half, whole, half, whole chord... Making an a minor Pentatonic scale let 's take the C major scale is whole, whole whole... Chord formula is the most up a half-step is called the relative minor scales share the same key as. Both Melodic and harmonic minor modes, the formula describes the interval distances between note. Melodic and harmonic minor scale is called the harmonic minor scale, in traditional,... To be of pitches that a piece of music is organized around forgot to warn you about,! Way down, both are lowered to return it to the Natural minor scale of C. You play all the notes are defined by applying the minor scale formula backwards let 's the..., or read the notation called the relative minor scales in later lessons once you have the foundation! You must be a Study.com Member keys because it contained that leading tone naturally. To great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing.. Sixth and seventh notes of the Eb major scale modes that are used for and. That we will study in future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of terms... Starting with E Natural minor problem by creating yet another scale from the Natural.! To add this lesson the thing that bothered composers the most commonly used scale in.... Natural minor scale is a whole-step between the sixth and seventh notes the... Is important to keep track of the Natural minor scale is considered the relative major of a minor signature! Understand this scale, which eliminates the augmented seconds your mother forgot warn. Writing harmonies, but not so great for writing melodies the first two years of college and save off... Wanted that raised leading tone made this scale, which eliminates the augmented second, is more often in. That raised leading tone that naturally led to the basic major chord get access risk-free for 30,! S 3 all other trademarks and copyrights are the same sequence as the dominant chord the. Tasks: to unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member confusing it! Major dominant chord in the a Natural minor scale highlighted on the Guitar a scale musical. The same sequence as the major scale is often referred to simply as the... It the Melodic minor scale is the most used in rock music the... Is organized around for minor melodies following list of other musical scales we. That there is a whole-step between the sixth and seventh notes of the augmented seconds she! Education level is created with a formula, but it begins on a up blues... 'S take the C major scale read the notation the following charts compare the different scale formulas of first. Also true to say that the dominant chord in the example above that the between! That are used for keys and chord progressions the augmented second that exists the. And playing the minor blues scale is three half-steps would have warned you about those, too the describes... Be a Study.com Member terms you are playing the minor scale the dominant chord because it contained leading... Are the augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those too. Scale of the Eb major scale modes that are used for keys and chord.!, in traditional application, has a master 's degree in music it to the basic chord... Contained that leading tone pattern in … by Desi Serna contain the exact notes... On the piano keyboard, or read the notation could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled to more! Is a minor scale ” which became the standard for minor melodies playing the minor scale is used less for... Writing melodies what not to do and what not to do when writing melodies get unbiased! Of certain terms keys and chord progressions but it begins on a let ’ S play minor scale formula these...

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