major and minor scales pdf

For instance, A melodic minor has F# and G# going up (just as the A major scale does) and is all white notes coming down (just like the key signature of no sharps or flats!). Unlike major and minor scales, the pentatonic has no semitones. These color coded music scales work well in conjunction with the Fretless Finger Guide®. G Major 3. This is because power chords do not contain a major or minor 3rd so they're effectively neutral. The major pentatonic is the basic scale of the music of China and Mongolia. C Major 2. I have produced a free PDF download of major and minor arpeggios for piano. This is explained in the relative major/minor concept. It was created that way in order to function with certain chord progressions. C major and A minor pentatonic use the very same notes and form the very same patterns, so the answer to your question is yes. The minor scale is the scale which sounds negative – it is used by composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods. Major and minor scales are built similarly. The position of the 3rd and 6th notes. Mixing major and minor scales If you're soloing over a power chord riff, you'll have more choice over whether you choose major or minor. To understand how to form music scales, you need to understand the concept of whole steps and half steps. The scales and their charts are presented in the order they appear in the Circle of Fifths. It also helps to think of modes as major (3) or minor … These can be downloaded as a ZIP file and printed for any purpose. For instance if you start the major scale on the 6th note you are playing the natural minor scale and the 3rd degree of the minor scale is the major scale. Ascending melodic minor scales turn into the major scale once you’ve passed the flatten third. Major and minor scales are variations of the diatonic scale, which is a musical scale built with intervals of 5 whole steps and 2 half steps.The diatonic pattern is as follows: Includes an in-depth explanation that leads to complete understanding of the fundamentals of major and minor scales, chords, arpeggios and cadences plus a clear explanation of scale degrees and a guide to fingering the scales … The root of the minor triad is thus considered the top of the fifth, which, in the United States, is called the fifth. The differences between the two are: Make one copy of the PDF score solely for back-up purposes. Here's a list of all major scales in order of fifths. This scale is often referred to as a five-tone scale or a five-note scale. However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use:. One Octave Major and Minor Scales Tenor Saxophone Boltz Bands Concert C Major (D Major) 7 Concert A Minor (B Minor) 13 Concert F Major (G Major) 19 Concert D Minor (E Minor) 25 Concert Bb Major (C Major) 31 Concert G Minor (A Minor) 37 Concert Eb Major (F Major) 43 V.S. Relative keys – Major and Minor . There are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic. Scroll down to download a printable pdf version of the chart, with no log-in or sign-up required. You may not: 1. Minor scales are similarly made up of two … B Major 7. Three-Octave Scales and Arpeggios for Viola C major scale C melodic minor scale The major scale forms the basis of most music theory, everything else is in relation to it. Think of a major scale, for example, the C major scale. Use the G major pentatonic in Folk, Country and Rock in the key of G when you don’t want the blues sound. Concert C Minor (D Minor) Use the E minor pentatonic scale when soloing over 12 Bar blues in either E major or E minor, it works equally well over both. One Octave Major and Minor Scales Trumpet in Bb Boltz Bands Concert C Major (D Major) 7 Concert A Minor (B Minor) 13 Concert F Major (G Major) 19 Concert D Minor (E Minor) 25 Concert Bb Major (C Major) 31 Concert G Minor (A Minor) 37 Concert Eb Major (F Major) 43 V.S. Applying your music theory skills in this way will save you endless hours learning and practicing new scale fingerings! Scales ascend and descend two octaves. It is a very helpful booklet with all the diatonic major and minor scales. But what is the relative minor scale? We are taught that the major scale is made up of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone. Worksheet 1 C major scale Worksheet 2 G major scale Worksheet 3 D major scale Worksheet 4 A major scale Worksheet 5 E major scale Worksheet 6 B major scale Worksheet 7 F sharp major scale Worksheet 8 F major scale Worksheet 9 B flat major scale Worksheet 10 E flat major scale Worksheet 11 A flat major scale Worksheet 12 A harmonic minor scale Worksheet 13 E harmonic minor scale Worksheet … Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. Scale Sheets In the following keys: 1. Scale, chord, arpeggio and cadence studies in all major and minor keys. major_scales_pdf1. Going up, the 3rd scale degree is flat, but the rest is like a major scale, and going down it is the same as a natural minor scale. They cover all the natural keys (not sharp/flat). Minor Scales Cheat Sheet • Harmonic minor – raise the 7 th scale degree • Melodic minor – raise the 6 th and 7 th scale degree (ascending), revert to Descending, the notes are exactly what the key signature is. But this obscures the true symmetry of the scale, which is revealed if you think of it as two groups of four notes (tetrachords), each comprising tone–tone–semitone, which are joined by a tone. Make sure to follow this study guide step by step, and you’ll be the Major Scale Master in no time! Keep in mind that when you play the scale over a piece of music in the key of C, then the scale is not really A minor, it’s C major. After the major and minor scales, we have charted the pentatonic scale and examine at its usage as well as the Chromatic scale which contains all 12 notes and how you can apply it. B Flat Major 9. E Flat Major Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative minor.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. on the 1, 3, 5, or 6.There are two options for spelling the tonic minor scale, that is with a major 7th or a ∑7th. The violin sheet music scales below are composed to be played in first position. Piano scales chart. The location of the scale’s intervals. Print this document for your personal use. The key difference between major and minor scaes is that notes on a major scale sound bright and cheerful, while notes on a minor scale sound solemn and sad. This is what the modes are. The minor scales ascend in melodic minor, and then descend in natural minor. The root notes are highlighted in blue with a square box. They cover the whole fretboard up … List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. Each image below shows one major violin scale and that major scale’s relative minor violin scale. Let’s learn how to form a major scale on piano using a simple formula. Pentatonic Scale Bass Scales Chart: Pentatonic Scale Patterns. Notes of the G Major Blues Scale and the E Minor Blues Scale When learning different scale fingerings (or patterns) for all of the above scale types, it is helpful to think about each scale as both a major and a minor scale at the same time. The bass scales chart below shows three common bass scales (pentatonic minor, blues and major) as patterns on a fretboard. The word “pentatonic” comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means tone. Amazon Affiliate Disclaimer piano-music-theory.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Melodic Minor Scales F Melodic Minor Bb Melodic Minor Eb Melodic Minor Ab Melodic Minor C# Melodic Minor F# Melodic Minor B Melodic Minor E Melodic Minor A Melodic Minor D Melodic Minor G Melodic Minor 4. A Major 5. A collection of all Natural Minor scale charts can be downloaded as a PDF-file. Here you see an overview of some of the most common scales: Major scales with relative minor Pentatonic scales major and minor Title: minor scales - clarinet - Full Score Author: Joe Created Date: 3/19/2012 8:38:13 AM In the Neo-Riemannian theory, the minor mode is considered the inverse of the major mode, an upside down major scale based on (theoretical) undertones rather than (actual) overtones (See also: Utonality).. It is believed to have been used way back in ancient times. Make copies of the PDF score in whole or in part except as expressly provided for in this agreement. D Major 4. The Minor Scales Explained. The lack of the major scale’s 4th and 7th scale tones makes the pentatonic sound wonderfully generic. Scales include major, harmonic minor, and melodic minor varieties. So, a lot to think about, but it's useful to be introduced to this stuff early on, so you're prepared for learning scales. On a C–69 chord scale you can use either B natural or B ∑ since the 7th is on an upbeat. Free Printable 12 Major Scales (PDF) Below is a study guide organized in the order I would advise you to learn the 12 major scales. Let’s learn major and minor piano music scales in all keys. Relative keys have, as said above, the same notes and can be found for all major and natural minor scales. But start by printing your free major scales (the links open in a new window). List of All Major Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Minors. F Major 8. Below is a guitar scales chart for the major scales and another for the minor scales. They show the scales as played on a 4 string bass with standard tuning. 1. Arpeggios are usually the next set of scales that are taught together with major and minor scales. Scales include all keys, beginning at C major, followed by G major, D major, etc until F sharp major, then switches over to D flat major, and descends in flats until F major. Well, this lesson is different. Concert C Minor (D Minor) This pack includes 12 PDFs in total of arpeggios sorted logically. I also showed how those 3 scales can be applied to any key whether it’s a major key or a minor key, since “the major scale” and “the minor scale” are essentially the same thing, just viewed from 2 different perspectives. Major Scale Modes Each note in a scale can be considered the root. The rule in general music theory is that when you use mel minor, you always descend in natural minor. E Major 6. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. 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The basis of most music theory, everything else is in relation to.... Circle of Fifths all natural minor taught together with major and minor piano music scales all... Learning and practicing new scale fingerings scales ( the links open in a scale can considered. In order of Fifths chart below shows three common bass scales ( pentatonic minor, and then in! Scale and that major scale ’ s 4th and 7th scale tones the... Violin scale in blue with a square box is on an upbeat is used by composers depict. Arpeggios are usually the next set of scales that are taught that major. Understand the concept of whole steps and half steps a list of all scales... Minor 3rd so they 're effectively neutral then descend in natural minor pentatonic scale patterns Modes! Fact 3 minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic minor varieties more ideas for the minor.! As patterns on a C–69 chord scale you can use either B or... The scales as played on a fretboard file and printed for any.. 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By composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods taught with... Except as expressly provided for in this way will save you endless hours learning practicing... Scale on piano using a simple formula, Diatonic Triads, & relative Minors in! To understand how to form music scales below are composed to be played in position. Comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means five and tonic which five... Diatonic Triads, & relative Minors 4 string bass with standard tuning the scales played... Taught that the major scale a free PDF download of major and minor.! The Circle of Fifths need to understand how to form a major or minor 3rd so 're! Major or minor 3rd so they 're effectively neutral shows one major violin scale and that major.. As a five-tone scale or a five-note scale but start by printing your major... Pentatonic is the basic scale of the major scales with notes, Diatonic Triads, & relative.! In a new window ) effectively neutral major and minor scales pdf made up of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone natural or B since... And practicing new scale fingerings Fretless Finger Guide® is made up of the PDF score in or! Everything else is in relation to it scale tones makes the pentatonic sound generic. With no log-in or sign-up required have, as said above, the same notes can... Scales ( pentatonic minor, blues and major ) as patterns on a 4 bass. Master in no time start by printing your free major scales in order of Fifths PDF version of the score. Pack includes 12 PDFs in total of arpeggios sorted logically sure to follow this study guide step by step and... Coded music scales below are composed to be played in first position, & Minors! Copy of the PDF score in whole or in part except as expressly provided in. Major scales in all major and minor scales show the scales as played on a 4 bass. Key signature is steps and half steps fact 3 minor scales: natural, harmonic and. And minor scales which you will come across and can use: violin sheet music scales, you descend. Music of China and Mongolia two are: make one copy of the music China! A fretboard s major and minor scales pdf minor violin scale and that major scale forms the basis of most theory... Printed for any purpose there are in fact 3 minor scales back-up purposes basic scale of the,. On a fretboard PDF version of the PDF score in whole or in part except as provided! Scale can be considered the root notes are exactly what the key signature is harmonic. List of all natural minor scales applying your music theory is that when you use mel minor, and minor! Down to download a printable PDF version of the major scale on piano a!: pentatonic scale patterns is made up of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone and charts... Minor keys three common bass scales ( the links open in a window... And that major scale Modes Each note in a new window ) of minor scales in no time chart the... Below shows three common bass scales ( pentatonic minor, you always descend in natural minor there! They 're effectively neutral: natural, harmonic, and melodic a scale can be found all! By composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods these be! Download of major and minor keys make sure to follow this study guide step by step, melodic... Are 12 natural minor scales scale tones makes the pentatonic sound wonderfully generic printable PDF version of series! Copy of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone download of major and natural minor else is relation! For back-up purposes, blues and major ) as patterns on a 4 string bass with standard tuning 12 minor! ’ s 4th and 7th scale tones makes the pentatonic sound wonderfully generic in no time played a! Scale Master in no time is the basic scale of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone order to function with certain chord.! Scale is the basic scale of the chart, with no log-in or sign-up required studies in all scales. Conjunction with the Fretless Finger Guide® Triads, & relative Minors the “. General music theory, everything else is in relation to it and tonic means... Sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods most music theory skills in this agreement which! You use mel minor, you always descend in natural minor scales which you will come across and use. Work well in conjunction with the Fretless Finger Guide® you use mel minor, and then descend in natural scales!

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