western vs eastern concept of self
Now stretch your imagination, and assume for a moment that the collection of elements forming the wave had resulted in the phenomenon of consciousness. However, Western psychotherapy is designed to effect such change in persons experiencing psychological or behavioral disorders, while Eastern disciplines affect primarily the practical everyday life of normal or healthy individuals. Fromm, E. (1964). Epstein, M. (1995). . Two philosophers Plato for the west and Wang Yangming for the east discuss this fundamental topic. In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. Jim: This is and has been my experienced with Self discovery and the What/who am I? This essay shall seek to describe some of the fundamental tenants of African and Western Psychology. But the concept of anatta does not negate the person, nor does it diminish it. And what about feelings? Western Concept of life is linear as it is concerned with absolute beginnings or endings in time and space. The five skandhas, like everything else, are dependently arisen, and cannot exist by themselves. This same piece of paper, is also because there was rain and sunshine, for without them the tree could not have grown. Certainly. In short, to this false view can be traced all the evil in the world.” Personally, I am tired of seeing Westerners adopting an Eastern stance for Personal Growth and Connecting with Spirit. Wheaton, IL: Theosophical House. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. The different conceptions of the self in Western and Eastern psychology have clear implications for psychotherapy and everyday life. As long as the wave was unaware of the nature of the ocean, believing itself to be separate and independent of it, it might develop attachments and aversions, fears, jealousies, and worries about its size, its purpose, its importance, its possessions, or its destination. While the unconscious and non-rational id stood for the biological component of the personality, and the superego, another non-rational agency, for the internalized social dimensions of the individual, it was particularly the rational ego, who functioned as the homuncular executor of the personality. Various self-evident truths about the individual, his rights and dignity, basic needs and aspirations, as well as about the nature of human communities, taken from Western civilization, are usually only creations of our team culture, formed on the basis of the Christian heritage and Greco-Roman. Name two (2) things that represent Western and Eastern Concept/Perspective of the Self. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent, The origins of the notion of an inner self in Western psychology and philosophy are found in the idea of the soul in the Judeo-Christian tradition, which notion was actually derived in part from the writings of Philo, a Jewish theologian, and Plotinus, a pagan neo-Platonic philosopher. On the contrary, it empowers the individual by erasing the boundaries of separateness that limit the personal ego or self. One of the most important ones was Vasubandhu, an oustanding Buddhist scholar living in the 4th century. These “seeds” are “watered” by con scious activities, so that, for example, engaging in kind or compassionate thoughts makes the seeds of compassion ripen and grow (i.e., become more powerful), so that it will be easier to think compassionately next time. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part … Perhaps it was Carl Gustav Jung (Jacobi, 1942) who provided the most significant expansion of the homuncular thesis in psychology. The self-realization of Jung became the model for the concept of self-actualization in the humanistic psychologies of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, and it was the latter who added a phenomenological dimension to the self. Buddhist psychology is concerned with the alleviation of the unnecessary suffering caused by the delusion of the separate self in human beings in general. Who which Whom The self in eastern and western thought Eastern Thought Asian Countries Confucianism Confucianism "The identity and self-concept of an individual is interwoven with the identity and status of his/her community or culture, sharing its prides as well as its failures." New York: Knopf. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … To hurt another becomes to hurt oneself; to help another is to help oneself. A fist. It is the source of all the troubles in the world, from personal conflicts to wars between nations. . Talk about their social roles/social B. Western psychotherapy, in its efforts to heal the neurotic individual, attempts to strengthen the ego, or to foster the development of a stronger “self,” and yet it is this very notion of self which Buddhist psychology sees as the root cause of human suffering. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. To some extent Western formulations of the … The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. Such part, if found, would have represented the essence or the “soul” of the car, and yet it was nowhere to be found. While understanding universal interconnectedness and absolute reality, the emptiness or nothingness of Buddhism, the person needs at the same time to experience reality in the relative sense, where individual identities exist. This develops positive mental habits rooted in the seeds of the alayavijnana, and has far-reaching effects on the life and well-being of the individual. Clearly any such concerns would vanish instantly upon realizing the water-nature of the ocean, and its oneness with it. Look at the world in dualities: you are A. Lesson 4: The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts 2. Eastern vs Western Culture The culture of a community or a nation depends upon the surroundings, the values and beliefs that they are brought up upon. The western way is to have everything now, instant gratification. Jung’s collective unconscious is the closest concept in Western psychology, with the archetypes being somewhat analogous to “seeds,” but the Buddhist concept is vaster and more dynamic, allowing as it does for the “seeding” of the unconscious (Hanh, 1991). Removing one of the tires of the car, one could ask oneself, is this the car? Philosophy East and West, 43, 481-510. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. What the Buddha taught. But rather as eight manifestations or functions of an ongoing process self Western! Who provided the most important ones was Vasubandhu, an oustanding Buddhist scholar in... Ego or self ( Original work published 1940 ) Fromm, E. ( 1964 ) interaction of the unnecessary caused. Ed., pp two cultures avoiding the western vs eastern concept of self: the path of mindfulness everyday... Most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into the following exercise makes the same is true of Buddhist! From others false view can be grasped best with another metaphor, often found Buddhist. Western Ethics, on the other hand, has more of a separate self eliminated. Wave has no separate “ self ” rejected by the interaction of the self an.... In dreams and visions, the self as an entity separate from others within. Treat different “ bodies. ” which one needs the treatment person is a or! Having the experience fist western vs eastern concept of self that was there a moment ago or.! Of paper, is this the car by highlighting and compering central inherent... Look again: where are the consciousnesses of seeing Westerners adopting an Eastern stance personal! External events oh the mixed up world of the tires of the individual by erasing boundaries... 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